The Web Development field is quite diverse and ever-changing. Several web technologies come and go each year. Thus, the developers are always in a dilemma to use the right web development technology. Today, our focus on two powerful backend technologies- Node.js vs PHP. Both these backend technologies can handle complex projects, but these are still built around different architecture and have different features. Let’s first have a look at What is Node.js? And What is PHP?
Node.js vs PHP: Overview
What is Node.js?
Features of Node.js:
- Node.js is released under the MIT License.
- Node.js requires no buffering for data.
- Node.js is asynchronous and event-driven technology.
- Node.js is a cross-platform technology.
- Node.js is an object-oriented programming language.
- Node.js offers two-way data binding.
What is PHP?
PHP is a Hypertext Preprocessor is an open-source scripting language extensively used for web development. PHP is developed by the company Zend Technologies and designed by the Canadian programmer, Rasmus Lerdorf. PHP is implemented using the C programming language and some components of C++. PHP was initially released in 1994. PHP is an open-source general-purpose scripting language, cross-platform language, and compatible with all the servers. The top companies that use the PHP development in their applications are Facebook, Slack, Whatsapp.
Features of PHP:
- PHP is an open-source scripting language.
- PHP provides fast and efficient performance for web development.
- PHP supports object-oriented programming features.
- PHP is compatible with all platforms and servers.
- PHP provides error reporting and exceptions during runtime.
- PHP has a large and active community of developers.
- PHP is a loosely typed programming language.
Node.js vs PHP: Popularity
Talking about the popularity of these two powerful backend technologies: Node.js vs PHP, then SimilarTech Website reported that almost 5,889,933 websites are developed using PHP. However, the 167,404 websites are developed in Node.js.
Moreover, you can check the trend of Nodejs vs PHP on Google Trends during the last month in the United States of America.
Node.js vs PHP: Performance
The most important metric to find the best in Nodejs and PHP is to determine both these technologies’ performance. Comparing Node.js and PHP’s performance, Node.js is faster and provides an amazing performance than PHP due to the features like continuous server connection, call-back functions, that ensures the faster app delivery. However, PHP is reliable and stable in performance in terms of web development.
Node.js vs PHP: Development
From the developers’ perspective, PHP is experienced as extremely quick for web development. The coding in PHP is very easy and simple as compared to the Node.js. There is no need for compilers and components in PHP web development. PHP allows easy connection to the SQL database. More interestingly, there are no hosting limitations in PHP. On the other hand, in Node.js, the coding is quite difficult and complicated. It requires complex preparation and proper infrastructure for the deployment of frameworks and applications.
Node.js vs PHP: Database
In Database Connectivity, PHP is quite well connected with the traditional/relational database like MySQL, MariaDB, PostgreSQL. The plus of the PHP technology is that the code functions used in the database are independent of the engine used. PHP well perform with the MySQL database. Whereas, Node.js has different libraries for accessing SQL databases like MongoDB, CouchDB, and graph database systems. Node.js uses the JSON to connect with other SQL databases.
Node.js vs PHP: Hosting
Node.js support the less number of hosting server than the PHP programming language. So, PHP has several numbers of hosting services, which makes it easy to integrate and deploy PHP than in Node.js web development, which calls for a virtual server having SSH access for running applications. Therefore, PHP gots an additional point for having the wonderful hosting features as compared to Node.js development.
Node.js vs PHP: Asynchronous or Synchronous
Node.js vs PHP: Practical Application
Considering the practical examples and application of the Node.js and PHP technology, Node.js can be used in many applications, including multithreaded apps, web applications, browsers, game servers, etc. On the other side, PHP is mostly used for web-oriented application development.
Node.js vs PHP: Modules
In the Modules case, both the technologies Node.js and PHP use different features and ways. PHP uses the technologies to install modules like PEAR(a veteran package system) and composer tools. In contrast, Node.js is bundled with a package management system called NPM(Node Package Manager), and it is relatively easy to publish and use.
Node.js vs PHP: Frameworks
Considering the point of frameworks in both technologies like Node.js and PHP, then PHP has a huge number of frameworks that are very useful in the backend development of web applications. Here are some of the PHP frameworks like Laravel, Codeigniter, CakePHP, etc. In comparison, Node.js is also stepping up into the world of frameworks. Node.js frameworks are Express and full-stack MVC frameworks like Meteor and Derby.
Node.js vs PHP: When to use
Node.js is used for:
- In technology stacks like MEAN stack
- To develop single-page applications(SPAs)
- Front end technologies(jQuery, Angular JS, Backbone.js)
- Back end technologies(MongoDB, Express.js)
PHP is used for:
- In technology stack like LAMP stack
- In CMS’s like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla.
- Servers like MySQL, SQL, MariaDB, Oracle.
Node.js vs PHP: Benefits
Benefits of using Node.js
- Node.js is easy to learn
- Node.js is used for fast backend solutions
- Node.js is more flexible and can be integrated with different technologies.
- Node.js provides the built-in server support
- Node.js allows the module caching.
Benefits of using PHP
- PHP is easier to use and maintain the code automatically
- PHP is a stable programming language as compared to other languages
- PHP has an extensive and wide community support
- PHP support all internet hosting services
- PHP requires less code.
In Final Thoughts
It’s all about the two powerful backend technologies that are in great demand for web development. The expert web developers develop both these technologies, so these are getting popular with the time. You can consider the pros and cons, features of both technologies before using them for web development. If you are looking for the PHP development services, then contact the hire PHP developer of company, Tekki Web Solutions Pvt. Ltd.