Are you going to develop a top-notch website? Have you decided on the technology stack for web development? Still, confused? If yes, then don’t worry. It is common to face difficulties while choosing the appropriate technology stack for your website or applications. Selecting the right technology stack might be a bit challenging for small enterprises and startups as they have small budgets. But, it is a fact that the selection of the technology decides the success or failure of your website.
So, before going deeper down, let’s first understand technology stack meaning or what is technology stack?
“Technology stack or tech stack is a collection of technologies, tools, or software that would be used in the front end, back end, or database of the websites, applications, etc.”
Technology Stack Examples:
Youtube Tech Stack consists of Python, Apache HTTP, MySQL, Linux, HTML5, Amazon, etc.
What are the different technology stacks?
Technology stacks are categorized according to the type of web application. Commonly, three types of technology stacks are in practice that is LAMP, MEAN, and MERN.
How does the selection of technology stack affect web development?
The selection of third-party tool integration and reusable components affects development speed. Moreover, if the developers are familiar with the latest technology, it will be more beneficial for them as it will boost their speed and reduce development time.
Structure of Technology Stack for Web Development Projects
Generally, the web development technology stack can be categorized into two ways: server-side and client-side.
Server-side or Front end Technologies are responsible for the user interactions and provide the optimization of the user interface elements.
Client-side or Back end Technologies are those which store and manages the data or operations at the back end of the projects.
Examples of back-end technologies are Apache, Java, PHP, My SQL, AWS, etc.
Components of Back end:
- Operating system
- Programming languages
- Cloud services.
Essential Factors to Consider While Choosing the Technology Stack:
- Analyze the project requirements and features
- Available resources
- Experience of team
- Development speed
- Estimated Time
Best Technology Stacks for Web Application Development
Three common types of technology stacks that are primarily used by web development companies.
LAMP (Linux, Apache web server, MySQL database, PHP/Perl/Python):
LAMP is chosen by developers to reduce the development cost and time. The use of the LAMP stack represents the industry standard. LAMP is known for its adaptability, security, lower price as it is an open-source technology package.
Layers of LAMP stack:
Linux(Operating System): Linux is the LAMP stack’s foundation layer, and the rest of the three layers run on the top of this layer. Linux introduced in 1991. It is an open-source operating system. The number of industries uses Linux due to its flexibility.
Apache(Web Server): Apache Server is the second layer of the LAMP stack. Apache HTTP web server came into existence in 1995. Apache is also free and open-source HTTP web server software.
MySQL(Database): MySQL is the third layer of the LAMP stack, a relational database system used to store the application data. MySQL database is also an open-source database. MySQL works well in every project from small to large.
PHP(Programming Language): PHP is the fourth and final layer of the LAMP stack, and it resides on the top of all the layers. Websites and web applications run on the PHP layer.
Benefits of LAMP stack:
- Open-source tech stack
- Large community support
MEAN(MongoDB, Express, AngularJS, NodeJS):
Primary functions of MEAN stack technologies:
- Angular JS accepts requests and displays results to the end-users.
- Node JS for client and server requests
- Express JS sends database requests and retrieves a response.
- Mongo DB(No-SQL database)stores and handles data.
Benefits of MEAN Stack:
- Highly flexible
- Low costs
- Open Source and free
- Smooth interaction between client and server
- Simple and Quick
MERN Stack(MongoDB, Express JS, ReactJS, NodeJs)
MEAN stack stands for MongoDB, ExpressJS, ReactJS, and NodeJS. Similar to MEAN, MERN, is a complete server/client development process. MERN is often used to develop e-commerce web development by keeping the React JS as the front end and Node JS as a back end technology.
MongoDB(cross-platform document database): MongoDB is non-relational and schema-less document database. MongoDB is known for its flexibility and scalability.
Express JS(backend web application framework): Developers use the Express to simplify writing server code. Express is used for building complex web applications.
Benefits of NodeJS:
- Both for client-side and server-side programming
- Higher development speed
- High performance
- Ease of transferring web applications to mobile applications
In the Final Words:
yeah, choosing the right technologies for web development is quite tricky, but it is not impossible. You can make the smart selection of your technology stack by understanding the project requirements.
It would be best if you considered each technology’s pros and cons while selecting for your projects, which will help in your project to make it successful.