There are more than hundreds of best programming languages and web development languages that are available around the world. If you are from the software development field, you know the pain of choosing the web programming languages. Every year, several best programming languages are coming on top and goes down after gaining popularity. So, it is always a confusing topic to choose the best programming language. Today, we will sort out your problem of adopting the best programming languages by providing the introduction, benefits, market research, and future scope of the top 10 programming languages 2020.
Let’s have a look at what is a programming language,
“A programming language is used in the computer programs to implement the algorithms and data structure skills by taking input from a user and providing them with the output.”
Which is the best programming language for web development?
Should I learn Java or Python?
Yeah, it is one of the most asked questions on the internet. You can get a solution to your confusion by identifying the level of interest in programming. Both Java and Python are best for web development and easy-to-learn.
What programming language is used in 2020?
Coming to our main concern point, let’s learn about the best programming languages.
Best Programming Languages for Web Development:
According to the report of the IEEE Spectrum, they have provided the list of the top programming languages for web development and best web development languages, in which Python programming language is on the top with 100 IEEE Score, and CoffeeScript got the lowest rank with a 15.9 IEEE Score.
Have a look at this table
|Programming Languages||IEEE Score|
No one could imagine that the Python programming language would get this much popularity one day. Even the developer Guido van Rossum didn’t know about this popularity when he developed it during the 1990s. Python is the most widely accepted programming language to learn first.
Python is one of the extensively used the best programming languages for web development as it is swift, easy-to-use, and easy-to-deploy best programming languages.
Popular Brands that use Python Programming Language
Youtube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey.
Check out the python programming language popularity on Google Trends during the past 12 months in the United States.
Python Syntax Example
print "Hello World!"
Pros of Python Programming Languages for Web Development
- Large Library Support
- Good Code Readability
- Easy-to-Learn and Use
- Vast Community Support
Cons of Python Programming Languages for Web Development
- Incompatible for Mobile Computing
- Slower by Virtue
- Immature Database Access Layer
- Bad Threading because of Global Interpreter Lock
Java is another popular programming language for web development. It is one of the most disruptive and best programming languages to date. It is the popular programming language of the large organization used for the development of enterprise-scale web applications. Java is preferred for both web development and mobile app development. Java works on the principle of “write once; work anywhere.”
Java is easy and moderate to learn; it’s all upon you, how you take this programming language.
Popular Brands that use Java for Web Development
Uber, Google, Netflix, Spotify, Amazon.
Check out the popularity of Java programming language on Google Trends in the United States during the past 12 months.
Java Syntax Example
Pros of Java Programming Languages for Web Development
- Availability of Open-Source Libraries
- Automatic Memory Allocation and Garbage Collection
- Works on OOPs Paradigm
- Multithreading Support
- High-end Security
Cons of Java Programming Languages for Web Development
- Templates Absence
- Costly Memory Management
- Slower than C and C++
Popular Brands that use Java for Web Development
Microsoft, Paypal, Groupon, eBay.
alert( 'Hello, world!' );
- Fast Client-side Processing
- Highly Versatile
- Easy Implementation
- Work Exceptionally Well with Other Programming Languages.
- Rich Website Interface
- Allows a Single Inheritance
- The problem of Malicious Intent
- Interpreted Differently by Different Browsers
Go programming language is the latest player in the programming platform, but still, it is gaining popularity as the giant company, Google itself develops it. Go Lang is also known with the name of Go Lang.
As a Low-Level Language, Go Lang is ideal for the engineers who want to start with the field of system programming. Go Lang is commonly used to develop web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning purposes.
Go Lang is developed by two software engineers, named Rob Pike and Ken Thompson. It is a pragmatic, easy to learn, highly scalable system, and best programming languages.
Popular Brands that use Go Lang for Web Development
SoundCloud, Twitch, Dailymotion, DropBox.
Go Lang Popularity
The popularity of the best programming languages- Go Lang is quite fluctuating on Google Trends during the past 12 months.
Go Lang Syntax Example
Pros of Go Lang Programming Languages for Web Development
- Backed by Google
- Detailed Documentation
- Perfect Options for Single Page Applications Development
Cons of Go Lang Programming Languages for Web Development
- Implicit Interfaces
- Lack of Versatility
- Absence of GUI Library
- Virtual Machine Absence
In 1995, Ruby programming language created as an “Object-Oriented Scripting Language” by the Japenese computer scientist “Yukihiro Matsumoto.” Ruby’s most popular web development framework is “Ruby on Rails.”
Ruby – the best programming languages are quite easy-to-learn used for the development of creative web programs. It is one of the best programming languages for web development, focusing heavily on the developer’s productivity.
Popular Brands that use Ruby for Web Development
Crunchbase, Bloomberg, GitHub, Fiverr.
Talking about Ruby’s popularity on Google Trends, interest in the Ruby programming language is almost the same among the United States people.
Ruby Syntax Example
puts "Hello, World!";
Pros of Ruby Programming Languages for Web Development
- Out-of-box Features for Web Development
- Developers are Independent of Developing Creative Solutions
- Open-Source Programming Language
- Easy-to-Learn and Straightforward
- Large Community Support
Cons of Ruby Programming Languages for Web Development
- Dynamically Type Language, not easy-to-maintain
- Slower Flexibility
- Difficult to Debug
Dart is another most widely used and popular/ best programming languages for web development. Dart is also known as Google Dart as it is developed by the expert team of a giant tech company, Google.
Google Dart programming language comes into existence in 2011 used for the development of web, web servers, and mobile applications. The popularity of the Dart programming language was drastically increased when Google officially announced the Flutter framework during the Google I/O Conference 2017.
Popular Brands that use Dart Programming Languages for Web Development
Agora, Teukoo, AgFlow, Google.
According to Google Trends’searches in the United States, interest over time for Dart programming language is declining.
Dart Syntax Example
Pros of Dart Programming Languages for Web Development
- Super-friendly and Helpful Community
- Robust Core Libraries
- Built-in Package Manager
- Fast Virtual Machine
Cons of Dart Programming Languages for Web Development
- Low Backend Focus
Undoubtedly, PHP is a powerful and popular programming language for web development used by 80% of the websites across the globe. PHP is initially developed by the software engineer, Rasmus Lerdorf to create the dynamic Web Applications.
Popular Brands that use PHP for Web Development
Facebook, Vox Media, Slack, Whatsapp.
Google Trends’report expresses that during the past year, the PHP programming language’s popularity is almost similar after declining some fluctuations during the start of 2020.
PHP Syntax Example
<?php echo "Hello World!"; ?>
Pros of PHP Programming Languages for Web Development
- Numerous Powerful Frameworks
- First-class Debugging Features
- Testing with Automation Tools
- Easy to Get Started
- Works with OOPs and functional programming paradigm
Cons of PHP Programming Languages for Web Development
- Lacks in Security
- Poor Error Handling
- Slower Deployment
- Lacks of Extensions
Being a powerful programming language, Scala is incorporated with functional and object-oriented programming concepts. Scala is considered as one of the best web application languages. In actual, Scala stands for Scalable Language. Scala combines the features of Java with a modern twist. With the Scala programming language’s help, the engineers and developers can create and customize their own data types.
Scala offers concurrent programming by running the complex programs in parallel.
Popular Brands that use Scala for Web Development
Coursera, The Guardian, Sony, Swiss Bank.
You can analyze the google searches and popularity of Scala programming language for web development on the Google Trends.
Scala Syntax Example
Pros of Scala Programming Languages for Web Development
- High Performance and Offers Better Coding
- Highly Versatile
- Open-Source Community
- A diverse set of Tools, Libraries, and Frameworks
Cons of Scala Programming Languages for Web Development
- Difficult to Learn
- Immature Tools
- Limited Community Support
Kotlin is the most popular cross-platform development programming language and it is one of the best programming languages for web apps development. According to the Stack Overflow Survey, Kotlin is the developer’s most preferred choice for development.
Google is officially declared Kotlin as an official language for android app development in the year 2017.
Ktor is a famous framework built-in Kotlin for creating Web Applications.
Popular Brands that use Kotlin for Web Development
Tinder, Trivago, Robinhood, Slack.
As per Google Trends, the popularity of Kotlin Programming language is increasing, especially in the United States.
Kotlin Syntax Example
Pros of Kotlin programming languages for web development
- Extensive Java Libraries, Frameworks
- Better Code Readability
- Better Developer Experience
- Easy Maintainability
- Much More Reliable
Cons of Kotlin programming languages for web development
- Compilation Fluctuations
- Limited Learning Resources and Documentations
C# is pronounced as C Sharp. It is a general-purpose, object-oriented, and best programming languages built on the foundations of C. The syntax of C sharp language is exactly similar to the C-derived languages like C++, so it is another language coming from the C-family.
In 2000, C# or C Sharp programming language was created by the team of Microsoft, and the Veteran designer, Anders Hejlberg design it.
C Sharp is a multi-paradigm programming language widely used for both the Windows platform and the Android/iOS platform.
Popular Brands that use C# for Web Development
Accenture, Delivery Hero, Stack Overflow, Alibaba Travels.
As per Google Trends, the popularity of C# programming language is started to decline during the last two months in the United States.
C# Syntax Example
Pros of C# programming languages for web development
- Much Safer than C and C++ Programming Languages
- Rich Sets of Library Functions and Data types
- Faster Compilation and Execution
- .Net Library Integration
- Compatible for all Window and Mobile Platforms
Cons of C# programming languages for web development
- Pointers in “Unsafe” Blocks
- Less Flexible than C++
- Difficult to Learn
So, here is the list of the top 10 and the best programming languages for web application development. After deciding the programming language, you want to learn, you should also consider the programming language’s popularity and development environment. While looking for the best programming languages and web development languages, you should consider some points like is it easy to use and learn, what is the web development speed?, etc. I hope you will like this article on the best coding languages for websites and it will help you choose the right programming language for yourself.
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Read More: 5 Most Popular Open-Source Web Server